Represents the root (top-level element) of an HTML document, so it is also referred to as the root element. All other elements must be descendants of this element
Specifies the caption (or title) of a table, and if used is always the first child of a <table>
Creates a hyperlink to other web pages, files, locations within the same page, email addresses, or any other URL
Represents a clickable button, which can be used in forms or anywhere in a document that needs simple, standard button functionality
Indicates that the enclosed text is an extended quotation. Usually, this is rendered visually by indentation (see Notes for how to change it). A URL for the source of the quotation may be given using the cite attribute, while a text representation of the source can be given using the <cite> element
Provides the details about or the definition of the preceding term (<dt>) in a description list (<dl>)
Represents the content of an HTML document. There can be only one <body> element in a document
Indicates that the enclosed HTML provides contact information for a person or people, or for an organization
Represents a self-contained composition in a document, page, application, or site, which is intended to be independently distributable or reusable (e.g., in syndication). Examples include: a forum post, a magazine or newspaper article, or a blog entry
Defines a column within a table and is used for defining common semantics on all common cells. It is generally found within a <colgroup> element
Defines a group of columns within a table
Represents an abbreviation or acronym; the optional title attribute can provide an expansion or description for the abbreviation
Draws the reader's attention to the element's contents, which are not otherwise granted special importance
Tells the browser's bidirectional algorithm to treat the text it contains in isolation from its surrounding text
Overrides the current directionality of text, so that the text within is rendered in a different direction
Produces a line break in text (carriage-return). It is useful for writing a poem or an address, where the division of lines is significant
Describes a reference to a cited creative work, and must include the title of that work
Displays its contents styled in a fashion intended to indicate that the text is a short fragment of computer code
Contains a set of <option> elements that represent the values available for other controls
The generic container for flow content. It has no effect on the content or layout until styled using CSS
Represents a description list. The element encloses a list of groups of terms (specified using the <dt> element) and descriptions (provided by <dd> elements). Common uses for this element are to implement a glossary or to display metadata (a list of key-value pairs)
Represents a portion of a document whose content is only indirectly related to the document's main content
Represents a footer for its nearest sectioning content or sectioning root element. A footer typically contains information about the author of the section, copyright data or links to related documents
Represents introductory content, typically a group of introductory or navigational aids. It may contain some heading elements but also a logo, a search form, an author name, and other elements
Represents tabular data — that is, information presented in a two-dimensional table comprised of rows and columns of cells containing data
Encapsulates a set of table row (<tr> elements), indicating that they comprise the body of the table (<table>)
Links a given content with a machine-readable translation. If the content is time- or date-related, the <time> element must be used
Represents a range of text that has been deleted from a document
Indicates the term being defined within the context of a definition phrase or sentence
Marks text that has stress emphasis. The <em> element can be nested, with each level of nesting indicating a greater degree of emphasis
Represents a range of text that is set off from the normal text for some reason. Some examples include technical terms, foreign language phrases, or fictional character thoughts. It is typically displayed in italic type
Represents a range of text that has been added to a document
Represents a span of inline text denoting textual user input from a keyboard, voice input, or any other text entry device
Groups several controls as well as labels (<label>) within a web form
Represents a document section that contains interactive controls for submitting information to a web server
Creates interactive controls for web-based forms in order to accept data from the user; a wide variety of types of input data and control widgets are available, depending on the device and user agent
Specifies a term in a description or definition list, and as such must be used inside a <dl> element
Represents a caption or legend describing the rest of the contents of its parent <figure> element
Represents the highest levels of section headings
Represents the second level of section headings
Represents the third level of section headings
Defines a cell of a table that contains data. It participates in the table model
Defines a set of rows summarizing the columns of the table
Represents text which is marked or highlighted for reference or notation purposes, due to the marked passage's relevance or importance in the enclosing context
Indicates that the enclosed text is a short inline quotation. Most modern browsers implement this by surrounding the text in quotation marks
Delimits the base text component of a <ruby> annotation, i.e. the text that is being annotated
Provides fall-back parentheses for browsers that do not support display of ruby annotations using the <ruby> element
Specifies the ruby text component of a ruby annotation, which is used to provide pronunciation, translation, or transliteration information for East Asian typography. The <rt> element must always be contained within a <ruby> element
Embraces semantic annotations of characters presented in a ruby of <rb> elements used inside of <ruby> element. <rb> elements can have both pronunciation (<rt>) and semantic (<rtc>) annotations
Represents a caption for an item in a user interface
Represents a caption for the content of its parent <fieldset>
Represents either a scalar value within a known range or a fractional value
Represents self-contained content, potentially with an optional caption, which is specified using the (<figcaption>) element
Represents a thematic break between paragraph-level elements: for example, a change of scene in a story, or a shift of topic within a section
Represents the forth levels of section headings
Represents the fifth levels of section headings
Represents the lowest levels of section headings
Creates a disclosure widget in which information is visible only when the widget is toggled into an "open" state
Defines a cell as header of a group of table cells. The exact nature of this group is defined by the scope and headers attributes
Represents a ruby annotation. Ruby annotations are for showing pronunciation of East Asian characters
Renders text with a strikethrough, or a line through it. Use the <s> element to represent things that are no longer relevant or no longer accurate. However, <s> is not appropriate when indicating document edits; for that, use the <del> and <ins> elements, as appropriate
Encloses inline text which represents sample (or quoted) output from a computer program
Makes the text font size one size smaller (for example, from large to medium, or from small to x-small) down to the browser's minimum font size. In HTML5, this element is reproofed to represent side-comments and small print, including copyright and legal text, independent of its styled presentation
is a generic inline container for phrasing content, which does not inherently represent anything. It can be used to group elements for styling purposes (using the class or id attributes), or because they share attribute values, such as lang
Indicates that its contents have strong importance, seriousness, or urgency. Browsers typically render the contents in bold type
Group of option
Creates a grouping of options within a <select> element
A container element into which a site or app can inject the results of a calculation or the outcome of a user action
Represents an item in a list. It must be contained in a parent element: an ordered list (<ol>), an unordered list (<ul>), or a menu (<menu>). In menus and unordered lists, list items are usually displayed using bullet points. In ordered lists, they are usually displayed with an ascending counter on the left, such as a number or letter
Represents an ordered list of items, typically rendered as a numbered list
Represents a multi-level heading for a section of a document. It groups a set of <h1>–<h6> elements
Represents a section of a page whose purpose is to provide navigation links, either within the current document or to other documents. Common examples of navigation sections are menus, tables of contents, and indexes
Represents a standalone section — which doesn't have a more specific semantic element to represent it — contained within an HTML document
Represents a dialog box or other interactive component, such as an inspector or window
Defines a set of rows defining the head of the columns of the table
Specifies inline text which should be displayed as subscript for solely typographical reasons
Specifies inline text which is to be displayed as superscript for solely typographical reasons
Represents a specific period in time
Represents a span of inline text which should be rendered in a way that indicates that it has a non-textual annotation
Represents the name of a variable in a mathematical expression or a programming context
Represents a word break opportunity—a position within text where the browser may optionally break a line, though its line-breaking rules would not otherwise create a break at that location
Displays an indicator showing the completion progress of a task, typically displayed as a progress bar
Represents a control that provides a menu of options
Represents a multi-line plain-text editing control, useful when you want to allow users to enter a sizeable amount of free-form text, for example a comment on a review or feedback form
Represents a paragraph
Represents preformatted text which is to be presented exactly as written in the HTML file
Represents an unordered list of items, typically rendered as a bulleted list
Represents the dominant content of the <body> of a document. The main content area consists of content that is directly related to or expands upon the central topic of a document, or the central functionality of an application
Specifies a summary, caption, or legend for a <details> element's disclosure box
Represents a group of commands that a user can perform or activate. This includes both list menus, which might appear across the top of a screen, as well as context menus, such as those that might appear underneath a button after it has been clicked
Defines a row of cells in a table. The row's cells can then be established using a mix of <td> (data cell) and <th> (header cell) elements.The HTML <tr> element specifies that the markup contained inside the <tr> block comprises one row of a table, inside which the <th> and <td> elements create header and data cells, respectively, within the row
A part of the Web Components technology suite—is a placeholder inside a web component that you can fill with your own markup, which lets you create separate DOM trees and present them together
A mechanism for holding client-side content that is not to be rendered when a page is loaded but may subsequently be instantiated during runtime using JavaScript
Defines a hot-spot region on an image, and optionally associates it with a hypertext link. This element is used only within a <map> element
Embeds sound content in documents. It may contain one or more audio sources, represented using the src attribute or the <source> element: the browser will choose the most suitable one. It can also be the destination for streamed media, using a MediaStream
Embeds an image into the document. It is a replaced element
Defines an image map (a clickable link area) with area elements
As a child of the media elements <audio> and <video>. It lets you specify timed text tracks (or time-based data), for example to automatically handle subtitles. The tracks are formatted in WebVTT format (.vtt files) — Web Video Text Tracks or Timed Text Markup Language (TTML)
Embeds a media player which supports video playback into the document
Embeds external content at the specified point in the document. This content is provided by an external application or other source of interactive content such as a browser plug-in
Represents a nested browsing context, embedding another HTML page into the current one
Represents an external resource, which can be treated as an image, a nested browsing context, or a resource to be handled by a plugin
Defines parameters for an <object> element
Contains zero or more <source> elements and one <img> element to provide versions of an image for different display/device scenarios
Specifies multiple media resources for the <picture>, the <audio> element, or the <video> element
Allows authors to clearly indicate a sequence of characters that compose an acronym or abbreviation for a word. This element has been removed in HTML5. Use <abbr> element
Embeds a Java applet into the document; this element has been deprecated in favor of <object>
Sets a default font face, size, and color for the other elements which are descended from its parent element
The Internet Explorer only HTML Background Sound element (<bgsound>) sets up a sound file to play in the background while the page is used; use <audio> instead
Renders the enclosed text at a font size one level larger than the surrounding text (medium becomes large, for example)
A non-standard element which causes the enclosed text to flash slowly
A block-level element that displays its block-level or inline contents centered horizontally within its containing element
Represents a command which the user can invoke. Commands are often used as part of a context menu or toolbar
An obsolete part of the Web Components suite of technologies—was used inside of Shadow DOM as an insertion point, and wasn't meant to be used in ordinary HTML
As a container for a directory of files and/or folders, potentially with styles and icons applied by the user agent
An obsolete part of the Web Components specification; it was intended to be used to define new custom DOM elements
Defines the font size, color and face for its content
An HTML element which defines a particular area in which another HTML document can be displayed. A frame should be used within a <frameset>
Contains <frame> elements
An obsolete remnant of an ancient version of HTML lost in the mists of time; use the standard <img> element instead
An obsolete HTML element that puts a text field in a page for querying the document
Exists to facilitate generation of key material, and submission of the public key as part of an HTML form. This mechanism is designed for use with Web-based certificate management systems. It is expected that the <keygen> element will be used in an HTML form along with other information needed to construct a certificate request, and that the result of the process will be a signed certificate
Renders text between the start and end tags without interpreting the HTML in between and using a monospaced font. The HTML 2 standard recommended that lines shouldn't be broken when not greater than 132 characters
Inserts a scrolling area of text. You can control what happens when the text reaches the edges of its content area using its attributes
Represents a command that a user is able to invoke through a popup menu. This includes context menus, as well as menus that might be attached to a menu button
An experimental element designed to allow multi-column layouts and must not be used
An obsolete HTML element that served to enable the NeXT web designing tool to generate automatic NAME labels for its anchors
The non-standard, obsolete HTML <nobr> element prevents the text it contains from automatically wrapping across multiple lines, potentially resulting in the user having to scroll horizontally to see the entire width of the text
An obsolete, non-standard way to provide alternative, or "fallback", content for browsers that do not support the <embed> element or do not support the type of embedded content an author wishes to use
The obsolete HTML No Frames or frame fallback element, <noframes>, provides content to be presented in browsers that don't support (or have disabled support for) the <frame> element
Renders everything following the start tag as raw text, ignoring any following HTML
An obsolete part of the Web Components technology suite—was intended to be used as a shadow DOM insertion point
An obsolete HTML element which allowed insertion of empty spaces on pages. It was devised by Netscape to accomplish the same effect as a single-pixel layout image, which was something web designers used to use to add white spaces to web pages without actually using an image. However, <spacer> no longer supported by any major browser and the same effects can now be achieved using simple CSS
Places a strikethrough (horizontal line) over text
Creates inline text which is presented using the user agent's default monospace font face
Renders text between the start and end tags without interpreting the HTML in between and using a monospaced font. The HTML2 specification recommended that it should be rendered wide enough to allow 80 characters per line